Two factor authentication are a key element of a solid security infrastructure. The ability to control user permissions is a crucial tool for reducing the risk of malicious or accidental insider activities, minimizing the impact of any security breaches and ensuring the compliance of regulatory authorities.

1. Reduce the threat of insider threats

One common method to limit access to users is to use the principle of least privilege which states that users should be granted the minimum amount of privileges that they require for their job. This can reduce the impact of any unauthorized activities that are performed by employees or third party vendors.

2. Reduce the risk of a Data Breach

Many industries are subject to strict regulatory requirements that require strong data protection practices. By controlling permissions for users organizations can ensure compliance by ensuring that only authorized employees have access to sensitive information.

3. Reduce the risk of Third-Party Vendor Activity

Many data breaches are the result of compromised credentials held by third-party vendors. Regularly reviewing and updating user permissions can help reduce the risk of unauthorized access by external vendors.

4. Provide Flexibility for Privilege Escalation

Role-based access control (RBAC) is a well-known method for managing user permissions that assigns access rights based on predefined roles. These roles can be nested in order to allow precise access control. A senior physician, for instance, could have more privileges when it comes to viewing patient information than an internist. RBAC can also be configured to require two-factor authentication (2FA), even for specific roles to decrease the chance of being unauthorized to access the system even if a password has been compromised.

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